Thursday, December 15, 2011

What's a T3 Line?

In my last post I described what a T1, also called a DS-1, line was. Most of us have also heard the "T3 Line" term used. Let's take a look at what a T3 or DS-3 line is.

DS-2 Signal
Before we can describe a DS-3 line, let's first take a look at a DS-2. In that last post we figured out how each DS-1 signal (T1 line or circuit) carries a bit rate of 1.544 Mbps. Four 1.544 Mbps digital DS-1 signals are multiplexed into one DS-2 signal. If we have 4 DS-1 signals per DS-2 signal and each DS-1 signal is 1.544 Mbps we can calculate:

Adding overhead consisting of timing and synchronization bits brings the DS-2 bit rate to 6.312 Mbps.

DS-2 Formation

DS-3 Signal
Each DS-2 signal carries a bit rate of 6.312 Mbps. Seven 6.312 Mbps digital DS-2 signals are multiplexed into one DS-3 signal. If we have 7 DS-2 signals per DS-3 signal and each DS-2 signal is 6.312 Mbps we can calculate:
Adding overhead consisting of timing and synchronization bits brings the DS-3 bit rate to 44.736 Mbps.
And..... 44.736 Mbps.... that's a T-3 line!

1 comment:

Phone Systems said...

DSL this is a bit more expensive because it only uses 756Kbps is fast good for the average home user should be about \$40.00 bucks a month depending on what type of speed you choose.